Special Use Airspace

  • Military Operating Area

  • Prohibited Area

  • Restricted Area

  • Warning Area

  • National Security TFR

Military Operating Area (MOA):

Shown by a magenta hash line on VFR sectional charts. They shown with the area name and ending with “MOA”, for an example “SUNDANCE MOA”.

General aviation (GA) aircraft are allowed to fly in a MOA without a clearance from ATC. It is wise to monitor the MOA frequency.

Prohibited Area:

These are shown on charts by a blue hash line.

The area is represented with 'P' and ending with a number “P-51”.

GA aircraft are not allowed to fly in a Prohibited Area, must fly around these areas.

Restricted Area:

Restricted areas are shown by a blue hash lines. These are depicted on the sectional with an 'R' and ending with a number “R-2916”.

GA aircraft are allowed to fly in a Restricted Area, only If the area is dead (not active). ​

If the area is active, then GA aircraft must fly around a Restricted Area.

Contact ATC or contact the ATC Agency via the frequency on your sectional chart to see if the restricted area is active or not.

Warning Area:

Warning areas are shown by a blue hash line with 'W' and ending with a number “W-292W”, these are located off the coast in low control area or low radar coverage areas.

Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR):

TFRs can show up at any given time, these are for national security areas, sporting events, VIP movement (i.e. President, Vice President, Heads of state, etc.), firefighting, etc. They are shown only on digital maps by a red line​.

ALWAYS Check NOTAMs or Call FSS, and make sure your digital maps are update and most current.​

​Aircraft that are not a part of the TFR, are not allowed to fly into them. If you do fly into one, you will lose your Pilot Certificate.


Private Pilot ACS PA.I.E.K1 - PA.I.E.K3

AIM Sec. 3-2-2, 3-2-3, 3-2-4, 3-2-5, 3-2-6, 3-3-1

FAR Part 91.225

Airspace - Study Guide
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