Publications (Private Pilot)

14 CFR

The FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) regulations are under Title 14 “Aeronautics and Space,” of the CFR (Code of Federal Regulation), which covers all aspects of aviation, such as: earning a pilots certificate, to maintenance of aircraft.

Section 14 list multiple different chapters such as:

  • Rules and regulations for pilots

  • Airspace

  • Airport operations and much more.

FAR/AIM:

The Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR)/Aeronautical Information manual (AIM) (FAR/AIM), is the book that pertains to pilots; every pilot should get familiar with the chapters of the FAR/AIM.

The FAR/AIM is issued annually.

For an example 14 CFR Part 61 covers certification of all pilots, flight and ground instructors. It is also broken down even further by eligibility, aeronautical knowledge, flight proficiency as well as training and testing requirements.

Another part found under 14 CFR of the FAR/AIM is Part 91 which covers the rules and regulations for visual flight rules (VFR), instrument flight rules (IFR) of flight.

14 CFR par 43 covers maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding and alterations. If a pilot owns or is looking to own their own aircraft, they should become familiar with the preventive maintenance section of part 43.

The AIM, which is located in the back of the FAR/AIM book, covers basic flight information and ATC procedures in the national airspace system of the United States.

If you see a black vertical bar next to the text In the FAR/AIM,

that represents a change or revision has been made from the previous.

 

NTSB

The NTSB (National Transportation Safety Board) Part 830 deals with all aircraft accidents and reporting requirements.

 

Advisory Circulars (AC)

An Advisory Circular is a type of publication issued by the FAA outside of the FAR/AIM. They provide additional guidance and compliance for items such as:

  • Airworthiness

  • Operating standards

  • Pilot certification

  • Training standards

  • Operational standards, including any other rules and regulations.

 

Airworthiness Directives (AD)

Airworthiness Directives (AD) are like recalls for automobiles but for aircraft. If an unsafe condition is found that requires immediate corrective action, the FAA will release an AD.

More information about AD’s is in lesson: Airworthiness

 

Airmen Certification Standard (ACS)

The Airmen Certification Standard (ACS) is the test guide for the practical test. It is to ensure the pilot applicate has the knowledge and processes the skills needed to exercise the privileges of Pilot in Command (PIC) for the certificate and or rating sot.

The ACS is broken down in to Areas of Operation, a few examples are:

  • Preflight preparation

  • Airports and Seaplane Base Operations

  • Takeoffs, Landing, and Go-Arounds

  • Navigation

  • Night Operations

 

Within each Area of Operation are tasks. Each task in the ACS is coded, and is broken down in to four elements.

 

Example 1:

PA.XI.A.K1:

  • PA = Applicable ACS (Private Pilot ‒ Airplane)

  • I = Area of Operation (Pilot Preparation)

  • D = Task (Cross-Country Flight Planning)

  • K3 = Task element Knowledge (Calculating)

Example 2:

CA.I.B.K3a:

  • CA = Applicable ACS (Commercial Pilot ‒ Airplane)

  • I = Area of Operation (Preflight Preparation)

  • B = Task (Airworthiness Requirements)

  • K3a = Task element Knowledge (Flying with inoperative equipment)

If you see a black vertical bar next to the text In the ACS, that

represents a change or revision has been made from the previous.

 

Pilot Operating Handbook (POH)

The Pilot Operating Handbook (POH) contains all of the necessary information to operate the aircraft in a safe manner.

The POH must be onboard the appropriate aircraft at all times.

 

References

Pilot’s handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge (PHAK) FAA-H-8083-25 (Ch.1)

Airmen Certificate Standards (ACS)

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