The ocean’s play a vital role in regulating the Earth’s climate storing solar radiation, distributing heat and moisture around the globe, and driving weather systems. The ocean produces more than half of the oxygen comes from it. These weather patterns are driven largely by the ocean’s currents.
Ocean currents act like a conveyor belt, transporting warm water from Earths equator toward the poles and cold water from the poles back to the equator and tropical areas. Thus, ocean currents regulate climate. They also, move ocean pollution and trash around the globe. 80% of the waste that is found in our oceans comes directly from land.
Right now there is over 8 million metric tons of plastic that has been dumped into the ocean, and the number continues to raise.
How does Climate Change affect Aviation?
These weather systems that are driven by our ocean currents, which can significantly affect the aviation industry as a whole. With the increase in lower clouds, fog and rain which can impede visibility around or near airports. With climate change comes, hotter temperatures, increase in wildfires, and increasing extreme to serve weather.
Hotter temperatures – with temperatures rising, this causes higher humidity and density altitude, which affects aircraft performance. It is estimated that by 2030, almost all countries will experience hotter weather, an increase of 1.96 degrees every other year due to greenhouse gases caused by climate change.
Wildfires – as the number of wildfires increase every year, which creates more Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR’s) making navigation for general Aviation aircraft feel like a pinball machine. Or not able to fly in general for a few days due to a nearby fire. It is projected that a global increase of extreme fires of up to 14% by 2030.
Weather – storms are becoming more intense, which causes flight delays for major airports, danger to personal and aircraft caused by convective weather. For an example, supporting data shows that Hurricanes have increased in strength worldwide over the last four decades caused by the increase of greenhouse gases.