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RIGHT OF WAY RULES (RP)





91.113 Right-of-way rules

When a rule of this section gives another aircraft the right-of-way, the pilot shall give way to that aircraft and may not pass over, under, or ahead of it unless well clear.


In distress - An aircraft in distress has the right-of-way over all other air traffic.


Converging - When aircraft of the same category are converging at approximately the same altitude, the aircraft to the other's right has the right-of-way.

If the aircraft are of different categories:

  • Balloon

  • Glider

  • Airship

    • Except aircraft towing or refueling other aircraft, has the right-of-way over all other engine-drive aircraft.



Approaching head-on - When aircraft are approaching each other head-on, or nearly so, each pilot of each aircraft shall alter course to the right.



Overtaking - Each aircraft that is being overtaken has the right-of-way and each pilot of an overtaking aircraft shall alter course to the right to pass well clear.



Landing - Aircraft, while on final approach to land or while landing, have the right-of-way over other aircraft… When two or more aircraft are approaching an airport for the purpose of landing, the aircraft at the lower altitude has the right-of-way… Do not cut in front of another which is on final approach to land or to overtake that aircraft.




​Remember:

  • ​Always pass on the right.

  • When two or more aircraft are approaching an airport to land, the aircraft at the lower altitude has the right-of-way.

  • Do not cut off another aircraft




References:




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