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AIRCRAFT LIGHTING



For aircraft to be legal to fly at night under VFR conditions, they must have the daytime required equipment plus a few other equipment items per FAR Part 91.205(c). We like to use the acronym “FLAPS” to help remember the night required equipment.

  • F – Fuses (One spare set. Only if the aircraft is equipped with fuses, otherwise aircraft use circuit breakers)

  • L – Landing light (Only if flying for hire. But, recommend for use at all times)

  • A – Anti-collision light

  • P – Position lights

  • S – Source of electricity (Alternator, Generator)

Aircraft are required per Part 91.209 to have a functional anti-collision light system to be legal to fly during, night hours. This includes a flashing or rotating beacon and position lights. The position lights are arranged so that a red light is mounted on the left wingtip, a green light is mounted on the right wingtip, and a white light is on the tail of the aircraft.


With the arrangement of this lights, it helps determine the direction an aircraft is moving.

Landing lights are used for taxing, takeoff, and landing, they also can be used to help other pilots see aircraft at night. It is recommended to turn on the landings within 10 miles of an airport and below 10,000 feet.


Remember:

The acronym “FLAPS” to help remember the night required equipment.

  • F – Fuses (One spare set. Only if the aircraft is equipped with fuses, otherwise aircraft use circuit breakers)

  • L – Landing light (Only if flying for hire. But, recommend for use at all times)

  • A – Anti-collision light

  • P – Position lights

  • S – Source of electricity (Alternator, Generator)



References:


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